The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian
national anthem from a song written and
composed by the Nobel laureate Rabindranath
Tagore on January 24, 1950.
Before this Vande Mataram written by
Bankim Chandra Chattapadhya was the National
Anthem of India.
Later Constituent Assembly of India,(
Vol.XII, 24-1-1950) opined: "The composition
consisting of words and music known as
Janaganamana is the National Anthem of
India, subject to such alterations as the
Government may authorize as occasion arises,
Only the first of the five stanzas was
designated as the anthem.
The anthem goes:
Jaana Gaana Maana Adhinayaka Jayehe
Bharata bhagya vidhata;
Punjaba Sindhu Gujarata Maratha,
Dravida Utkala Banga,
Vindhya, Himachala, Jamuna, Ganga,
Taba Shubha Naame Jaage
Taba Shubha Ashish Maage
Gaye taba jaya gaatha.
Jana gana mangala dayaka jaya he
Bharata bhagya vidhata.
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
The English rendition of
the song goes like this:
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab,
Sind, Gujarat, and Maratha,
Of the Dravid, and Orissa and Bengal.
It echoes in the hills of Vindhyas and,
Himalayas, mingles in the music of the
Jamuna and the Ganges and is chanted by
the waves of the Indian sea.
The pray for the blessings,
and sing by the praise,
The saving of all people
waits in thy hand.
Thou dispenser of India's destiny,
Victory, victory, victory to thee.